The Scientific Method

The scientific method involves formulating hypotheses, assessing evidence and updating one's belief in hypotheses via the calculus of Bayesian inference.

Demarcation Problem

Science allows us to generalise.
Wikipedia: Demarcation problem

Philosophy of Science

"the study, from a philosophical perspective, of the elements of scientific inquiry and of their validity.

Taken broadly as the progressive improvement of the understanding of nature, the intellectual enterprise of science originally formed an integral part of philosophy, and the two areas of inquiry have never finally separated. Little more than a hundred years ago, theoretical physics—concerned with the fundamental debate about physical nature—was still described as "natural philosophy," as distinguished from the two other chief divisions of abstract discussion, viz., moral philosophy and metaphysical philosophy—the latter including ontology, the study of the deepest nature of reality or being. In fact, only during the 20th century, following the professionalization and specialization of the natural sciences, did the philosophy of science become recognized as a separate discipline.

Methodological and epistemological issues—i.e., issues regarding the investigator's manner of approach to nature—are treated in this article. For issues regarding the substantive character of nature as so revealed—i.e., as it is in and of itself—see nature, philosophy of."
Encyclopædia Britannica, 2004.


A scientist is someone who pursues science via the scientific method whilst wearing a white coat.

Demarcation of Science

The 'problem of induction', stated by Hume (1748) and formalized by Wolpert (2001) implies that all that remains of science is coherent reasoning in the face of uncertainty. Doing science means being a Bayesian. This is not widely known or believed, but that, my friends, is what science is all about.